*Sort a collection of things (coins, pegs, sweets, buttons). Compare quantities – equal, fewer, more
*Use some skittles or empty plastic bottles. Roll a ball and count how many are knocked over. Have another turn. Did you knock down more, fewer or equal amounts?
*Write your name. Count the number of letters. Are there more, fewer or equal amounts of letters compared to someone else?
Number bonds to 10
*Put 10 pegs onto a clothes hanger. Move them to show different ways of making 10 e.g. 4 and 6, 5 and 5.
*Learn number bonds to 10 by learning a rhyme or learning a song. Use fingers to show each number.
5 and 5 add up to 10, 6 and 4 make it again, 7 and 3 they also do, Guess what! So do 8 and 2, 9 and 1, 10 and 0,
Learn them all, you’re a number bond hero
Number bond song https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ch7KzI3n2Zk
*Hide 10 objects for your child to find. Draw or make a Ten frame (2 rows of 5 squares) and as they find each object, they get placed in the squares. The children can then work out how many they have left to find.
*Use a bucket and 10 items. This could be small soft toys or even pairs of socks. Take turns to throw the objects aiming for the bucket. How many objects are in/not in the bucket?
*Sing or act out number songs to 10. This could include:- 10 in the bed, 10 green bottles, 10 little ducks, 10 flying men. There are lots to choose from on Youtube.
Numberblocks series 2 ep7 Blast off https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zPsr_FD2KAg&list=PLgdVMbnqLpHQ7bfSLHdTkKq2-RaAzfdsW&index=22
Numberblocks series 2 ep14 Numberblock castle https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ce6w0WQLrm8
Numberblocks series 3 ep9 Peekaboo! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rF1yaoCNCVY
Numberblocks series 3 ep10 Hiccups https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sIMTTGaHm1c
Numberblocks series 3 ep15 Ten again https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CJ0PQ0VuMpg
Addition & Subtraction
*Get children to count at any given opportunity e.g. How many flowers on the plant? How many leaves are there? How many flowers and leaves are there altogether?
*Practice counting forwards and backwards to 10, 20 or beyond.
*Play Snakes and ladders, rolling the dice twice for each turn. Add the 2 rolls of the dice together.
*When preparing food, there are often opportunities for counting and adding. Making sure there are enough knives and forks and sharing out fruit and vegetables are examples.
*During play you could ask your child how many red cars/lego blocks they have and how many blue cars/lego blocks they have. How many cars/lego blocks are there altogether?
*Make up some number stories about animals in a field, people on a bus or cars in a car park. These could be linked to the toys your child has. Use First, Then and Now to explain the story. Here is an example:- First there were 5 people on the bus. Then 2 people got off the bus. Now there are ? people on the bus. Your child could have a try at making up their own number stories using First, Then and Now.
An extension of this is to have a starting number and an end number and your child needs to work out the missing number. An example of this would be:- First there were 7 ducks on a pond. Then some ducks swam away. Now there are 5 ducks. How many ducks swam away?
*Play a game where you count out some pegs/cuddly toys/straws/lego blocks. Cover them over with a tea towel. Add some or take some away while they are hidden. Get your child to work out how many were added or taken away.
*Books to count along with
Mr Gumpy’s outing - John Burningham https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mi_DV_DWN8M
The Shopping Basket - John Burningham https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NY5sPN0PpdM
Mouse Count – Ellen Stoll Walsh https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uNH6i7239FI
Kipper’s Toybox – Mick Inkpen https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GyvB0M7vFfg
Numberblocks series 2 ep12 Fluffies https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BgJ62VZH6e4
Numberblocks series 2 ep13 The two tree https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y-2vJad-VAQ
Numberblocks series 2 ep15 Ten green bottles https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XGRHV_tAglI
Numberblocks series 3 ep4 Fruit salad https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IwlLr8SX7QU
Numberblocks series 3 ep11 What’s the difference? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oKnITCWvnig
Numberblocks series 3 ep12 Numberblock rally https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L8ZMhan4Flk
Numberblock series 3 ep18 The legend of Big Tum https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HDhx3U-LG8c&t=2s
Numbers to 20
*Encourage your child to count beyond 10 out loud in order.
*Once children know number names in order they need to be able to match quantities and their numbers, realising that as we count we are counting on 1 more.
*Give your child a collection of buttons/pennies/lego blocks to count making sure a finger is put on each object as it is counted. We always encourage the children to line up objects if they can to stop them from counting objects twice.
*Use a puppet or cuddly toy. Encourage your child to listen out for any mistakes they might make as the toy ‘counts’ out loud. Your child will need to help them as puppets and cuddly toys aren’t very good at counting.
*Show some objects that the puppet or cuddly toy has counted, telling your child the number of objects. Ask them if they are correct. Encourage lining up the objects to count them more accurately. Can your child tell you 1 more and 1 less than the number of objects?
*Ask your child to help you when writing numbers in order. Make mistakes by missing numbers out or writing the digits the wrong way round (31 instead of 13).
Numberblocks series 3 ep21 Eleven https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pcAc9-85ZEY
Numberblocks series 3 ep22 Twelve https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UQZuEuRLZq4&t=91s
Numberblocks series 3 ep26 Thirteen https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Np24uSP7TP0
Numberblocks series 3 ep27 Fourteen https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xjGIx5f4uYg
Numberblocks series 3 ep28 Fifteen https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8g4N6aSTYy4
Numberblocks series 3 ep29 Tween scenes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYm-x_fkT9I
Numberblocks series 4 ep2 On your head https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TNZMsXSOlEU
Numberblocks series 4 ep5 Sixteen https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iuzRI6CXdLg
Numberblocks series 4 ep7 Seventeen https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=giiP_hCsUHU
Numberblocks series 4 ep8 Eighteen 16-19 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gDFbfpzcA1I&t=17s
Numberblocks series 4 ep10 Nineteen https://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/m000663t/numberblocks-series-4-10-nineteen
Numberblocks series 4 ep11 Twenty https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dVg-Or_Z5B4
Numberblocks series 4 ep14 I can count to 20 https://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/m0006s5q/numberblocks-series-4-14-i-can-count-to-twenty
To double a number means to have twice as many.
*Use a mirror to show how we can can double objects and even people.
*Spot doubles when playing games e.g. two numbers the same on dices/dominoes. Show 2 different numbers asking if they are a double. Why not?
*Show doubles 1-5 by using the same fingers on each hand.
*Show doubles to 10 by using your hands and your child’s hands.
*Use pegs, cars, lego, or pennies to show doubles.
*Play Snap or matching pairs games.
*Make a tower of cubes. Can your child make a tower that is double the height?
*Using sand or water, can your child find a container that holds double the quantity of the original container?
*Use a butterfly shape to show double numbers using pompoms or stars. How many different butterflies can be made? Can a butterfly be made that isn’t showing a double number? Why not?
Numberblocks series 2 ep9 Double trouble https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ZnNfVZda6Y
Double trouble activity https://nrich.maths.org/12746
Halving & sharing
Sharing involves sharing equally between 2 groups. Half is one of the 2 groups.
Begin by halving small quantities. Once children are more confident they can explore sharing with 3 or 4 people. They will notice that sometimes there are items left over which they might have ideas about how to solve this problem.
*Sharing grapes, raisins, apple slices or strawberries – Say that you are going to share them between 2. Place more in one bowl and suggest you have shared equally. Encourage your child to help you to share them fairly by taking it in turns to give each bowl a piece of fruit until it is all shared out.
*Allow opportunities for your child to share objects which could include food, playing cards or even pieces in a puzzle. They can be shared between 2, 3 or 4 people and it also means that sometimes there will be pieces left over.
*Invite 2 cuddly toys to have a picnic. This can include any small parts (lego, building blocks, beads) to use as pretend food. Make sure the ‘food’ is shared equally. What will happen if another teddy joins the picnic?
Numberblocks series 2 ep8 Counting sheep https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f8qgFqptvyo
Numberblocks series 2 ep10 The three threes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Hd7ieePOpc