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Phonics th and ng
Week beginning 28.4.20
This week we are going to learn and practise the digraphs th and ng. A digraph has 2 letters that make 1 sound. Sometimes the letters have a line underneath them to show that they make 1 sound together th ng
So far you have learnt all the Phase 2 sounds and j v w x y z zz qu ch sh in Phase 3.
Warm up: Each time you do phonics, have a warm first. Choose a warm up from these ideas.
Sing Jolly Phonics songs. The film shows all Phase 2 which your child knows. The j sound is the beginning of Phase 3 and starts at 5 min 27 seconds, so you could start from here. Play until you have sung th and ng, and join in with the actions and singing. https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x2wpdvv
Write sh and ch on paper and put them at either end of the room or garden. The child stands in the middle. Say a word and your child has to move to the digraph they can hear in the word. When they get to the right digraph they need to say where the sound is in the word, at the beginning, in the middle or at the end. Your child returns to the middle of the space, then say a new word. Words could be flash, chill, starfish/jellyfish, listen (trick word as it has neither sound), rich, children, shell.
Go to the Phonics Play website https://new.phonicsplay.co.uk/resources/phase/3 Access is free. The username is: March20 and the password is: home Choose ‘Resources’ then ‘Phase 3’ and choose Speed Trial to practise saying the sounds you know. (See above) Or play a game like Dragon’s Den, Picnic on Pluto, Buried Treasure or Pick a Picture .
Learning th session 1
The Jolly Phonics song is about clowns who are rude because they stick their tongues out to make the th sound.
In some words the th does not make a sound; only air passes out through the teeth as in thumb and bath. (This is an unvoiced th.) The tip of the tongue is just touching the bottom of the front teeth.
In some words, the th makes a sound as the tongue comes out between the teeth as in this and that. (This is a voiced th.)
Try saying these words with your child in front of a mirror. Look and feel where the tongue is.
Thumb, bath, path, moth, thin, thick, birthday (unvoiced or quiet th)
This, that, these, then, the, brother, together (voiced or th makes a sound)
*Some children find making the th sound difficult and say f for the unvoiced th or v or d for the voiced th. Keep showing your child how to use their teeth and tongue, and practice each th 2-3 times.
If your child is interested in moths, you can watch this short clip about them. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TrrO5TQqwkA
Listen carefully to Mr Thorne Does phonics th https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ziEHM3IPVY4
Listen to the Portside Pirates song and join in the chorus sing ‘We go this way, that way..’
Practice writing th 3 times. The t starts at the top and goes ‘Down the tower, across the tower’. Make sure there is a curl at the bottom of the tower. The h starts at the top and goes ‘Down the horse to the hooves, then up and over its back.’
(The rhymes we use for each letter are from Read Write Inc and the sheet is attached below.)
Learning th session 2
Read the words with a th. Listen to when the th makes a sound and then when it is quiet with just air coming through the teeth. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7f74GArsWis
Use this game to choose the sounds to make these words; thick, bath, that, this, moth, then. Click the sounds you need, then put them in the right order to read.
Now write 3 words with th. You can choose the words or write path, thin, this. Remember to write the letters correctly!
Challenge: Here is assorting activity. You have to collect words with sh, ch and then th to refuel the rocket. https://education.abc.net.au/res/i/L7855/index.html
Learning ng session 3
The next digraph to learn is ‘ng’ and for this sound we think about a strong person lifting heavy weights above their head and making the ng sound because it is very difficult.
Learn the Jolly Phonics ng song; start at 9 minutes 47 seconds https://vimeo.com/106231366
You can listen to the story of Mr Strong. Listen and look for the ng sound in words. Can you find ng in looking, Mr Strong, strongest, pointing, blazing, nothing, cooking … https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8aZ3SDzKKqk
Mr Thorne Does Phonics ng https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8v7Yl4phJcg
Reading ng words https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nrjb0rIer5M
You could also write other ng words for your child to read Bang or BANG, fling, sung, sting, belong, swung, hang, ping-pong, cling, long.
Learning ng session 4
Pretend you are a strong person who is going to lift heavy weights or a heavy object like a car or an elephant. Make the ng sound as you lift it high above your head!
Play a game. Act out a ng word for your child to guess. Ideas could be wing, sing, long, bang, king. When they guess correctly, ask them to sound out the word e.g. w-i-ng.
Spell ng words. Please say the word to your child. It doesn’t matter if a mistake is made, you can still carry on, just choose a different letter. https://www.spellzone.com/word_lists/games-10984.htm
Now write 3 ng words. You can choose your own words or write wing, long, bang.
You could make up a sentence about each one e.g. A bird has 2 wings.
You could also listen to the Phonic Fairy read a story called ‘The Wishing Dish.’ Listen out for the ng words! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-moaFGEdUOw
Session 5 Tricky words!
Join in reading and singing the words you know. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R087lYrRpgY
Read some tricky words in these sentences. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ek8TVoLdJWY
Read the Tricky word story (Ros the Robot attached) and look for the tricky words you have learnt so far he she me be we was you all
Practise writing you and was 3 times each. Make sure your letters are written correctly!
Say some sentences that have you or was in them e.g. You are my friend. I was in the den.
Challenge: write a short sentence starting with ‘I was…’