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Leighton Primary School

Phonics ur and ow

Hello and welcome to phonics for the week beginning 15th June!

So far your child has learnt all the Phase 2 sounds and j v w x y z zz qu ch sh th ng ai ee oo (long and short) ar or in Phase 3. 

Please keep showing your child the sounds everyday so they can practise saying the sounds to match the letters.

This week we are going to learn the digraphs ow as in cow and ur as in surf.

It is important for children to hear these sounds in words. They also need to be able to spot these digraphs in words when reading and write the 2 letters when spelling words with these sounds.

Each time you do phonics, have a warm up first. Choose a warm up from these ideas.

Sing Jolly Phonics songs. The film shows all Phase 2 which your child knows. The j sound is the beginning of Phase 3 and starts at 5 min 27 seconds, so you could start from here. Play until you have sung or, and join in with the actions and singing.

*There are no Jolly Phonics song for ur and ow.

Game Stand in the middle of a room or garden. Sound out something you can see, e.g. p-o-s-t. Repeat the sounding out if your child cannot blend it. Give help by joining some of the sounds, e.g. p-o-st. Your child runs to point to the word they blend. Try to think of items with the Phase 3 sounds in e.g. car, book, coat.

Plastic Cups Blending Game – Turn the cups upside down and write the phoneme you want your child to practice, e.g. oo (short sound) on a cup. Next write single letters like b l k c h sh t . Place oo in the middle and ask your child to make words by finding the first and last sounds to make these words; book, cook, hook, look, shook, took. Ask your child to read the words to make sure they are correct.

The game is taken from this website

Go to the Phonics Play website The username is: March20 and password is: home  Choose ‘Resources’ then ‘Phase 3’ and play a game like Dragon’s Den, Picnic on Pluto, Buried Treasure, Pick a Picture or Grab a Giggling Grapheme (letter). Choose any sounds that your child is unsure of to practise.

Session 1 Learning ow

Make the sound ow, as in the word cow and now. Use each hand on either side of your head to make horns for the cow. Look at the Phase 3 sound/phoneme mat (attached below) and show your child the new digraph ‘ow’ with the cow picture.

Say some words for your child to listen to. If they hear ‘ow’ they say ‘ow’ and show their horns. If they don’t hear ow, they freeze like a statue. The words could be:

How, puzzles, now, down, trees, spider, town, owl, owlet, lemonade, powerful.

Watch Mr Thorne Does Phonics ow

Read some words with ow.

Write ow 3 times. Remember to write the letters correctly each time

o – all around the apple

w – down up down up.

The ow sits on the line.

Look out for ow in any books, magazines, leaflets you have in your home.

Session 2 Learning ow

Look at the sound mat and find ow. Say the sound ow ow ow.

Take it in turns with your child to say some ow words. How many can you think of?

Blend words with ow.

Write some words with ow. Choose your own words or try

Now, cow, bow (as in bow down), down, town

For a challenge you could write brown, crown..

Write a question and look at your Phase 3 sounds mat to help.

‘How can the cow bow down?’

Watch the Alphablocks episode about ow.

Session 3 Learning ur. 

The next digraph is ur as in fur and burn.

Look for the ur digraph on the phonic sheet. There is a picture of a burger. This word has another ur at the end

spelt er. Your child will learn about er at the end of Phase 3.

Say these words and ask your child to say ur and pretend to eat a burger if they hear ur in a word or freeze in a shape if they don't.

Say the words fur, burn, swimming, hurt, surfing, oranges, turnip, turning, curls.

Watch Mr Thorne Does Phonics ur

Practise writing ur three times. The handwriting rhymes are

u down the umbrella, up the umbrella and down into the puddle.

r down the robot’s back and up and over his arm. 

Watch the Alphablocks make ur words

Session 4 Learning ur

Use the phase 3 sound mat. Look for ur first, then say all the phonemes from j along the rows until you get to ur. 

Blend to read some ur words

Now write some words with ur. Sound the whole word out before you write it down. Look at the sound mat

if you need to check which letters you need for a sound.

Write fur, burn, hurt. If you want a challenge write church, surfing

Write a simple caption and draw a picture to match, e.g.  I can turn and surf.  

 Session 5 Tricky words

We have now spent time learning all the tricky words in Phase 3 so we will practise reading and writing

them from now on. Children need to be able to read them straight away and write them down from memory.

The words are he she me be we are all her they my you was.

Sing the tricky word song and read the words on the screen.

Here is a tricky word football game. 

Read words and stop after are

*Can you write out the Phase 3 tricky words was, are and you.

Challenge yourself to write sentences e.g. ‘He was in the shop.’ Or ‘You are good.’  

If your child can read and write all the Phase 3 words without any help, then they are ready to learn Phase 4.

Here is the Phase 4 tricky word song.