Relationship and Sex Education
Below you will find information about what each year group will cover in RSE. If you would like to discuss any of the information further, please speak with your child's class teacher.
Relationship and Sex Education coverage per year group
Reception – My body and growing up
In this unit, your child will learn how to value and appreciate their own and other people’s bodies. They will learn to recognise and name different external parts of the body including using agreed names for the external sexual parts of the body. (See your school’s SRE policy for agreed guidance for naming the external sexual parts.) They will learn to recognise and appreciate similarities and differences between different bodies including girls and boys. They will learn to appreciate all the different things that they can do with their bodies, considering how they have changed physically since they were very small and how they will continue to grow and change all their lives. They will learn some basic hygiene routines, including washing, toileting and cleaning teeth and develop an understanding of the importance of good hygiene and cleanliness for preventing the spread of germs. The children will examine what they currently do to look after themselves, including dressing and undressing and will learn that as they grow they will become more independent and will take more responsibility for looking after themselves. They will learn to recognise areas where they still need support from others to ensure their personal needs are met and will become more aware of the adults who provide this care
In this unit your child will learn about the external parts of the body including basic names for external sexual parts. They will think about their body’s capabilities and show appreciation of how amazing their body is. They will consider ways they are in charge of their bodies and will think about how their body belongs to them. They will explore ways they can keep their body clean and how simple hygiene practices can prevent the spread of diseases like colds and tummy bugs.
In this unit your child will learn that humans produce babies who grow into children and then into adults. They will think about the ways they have changed physically since they were babies and how their responsibilities have changed during this time. They will talk about everything a baby needs to make sure it is healthy and happy. They will think about the people who provide this care for a baby.
In this unit your child will revisit their knowledge of male and female bodies. They will learn about external body parts and learn the scientific words for these external parts. They will think more about their bodies’ capabilities and uniqueness as we hope to develop the children’s positive body image. They will also look at personal hygiene and consider their growing responsibilities for this area, now they are getting older. They will learn more about illnesses which can be spread from one person to another e.g. colds, chickenpox, verrucas and will learn more about how to prevent this.
In this unit your child will learn about the main stages of the human lifecycle e.g. birth, baby, child, adolescent, adult, middle age, old age, death. However, they will not be learning about sexual intercourse and reproduction until Y5 or 6. They will think about their perceptions of being grown up and the responsibilities this entails. They will think about how their own responsibilities have changed since they were small and they might even think about a new responsibility they can take up at home or at school now they are older. Finally they will think about the big responsibilities that come with looking after a baby or child.
In this unit your child will review and extend their understanding of the external sexual parts of males and females. They will learn about the internal sexual parts relating to puberty. Wherever possible they will learn the scientific words for these parts. They will learn about the physical changes that take place at puberty, why they happen and how to manage them. They will also learn that puberty affects people at different rates and that although some changes happen to everyone, some just affect girls and some just affect boys. They will start to consider the concept of body image and how this is linked to a healthy lifestyle and healthy self-esteem. They will learn about the new routines that they will need to follow to keep up their personal hygiene as puberty begins. They will learn about ways they can prevent the spread of common illnesses. They will learn a little about other illnesses, such as HIV. If you would like to know more about talking to your children about these issues visit
In this unit your child will revisit some learning about the body and puberty. Then they will learn about sexual reproduction and the development of a baby. They will explore how their emotions might change as they enter puberty and discuss how to deal with this positively. They will consider ways they can behave responsibly and kindly when starting and ending relationships. They will think about the need for trust and love in marriage and established relationships. The children will think about all the things couples must consider before they decide to have children, and they will broaden their awareness of the different family structures in which children are brought up. If you’d like to know more about talking to your children about these issues visit