Week 4: beginning 11th May
This week we will be looking at simple maps and plans.
The first document at the bottom shows what children would be learning in school this term in Geography.
The other documents are to support the activities listed below. If you want to print these activities, they are on the first document at the bottom (Mapwork Home Learning Year 3....) on the 2nd page.
Home Learning: Week 4. Mapwork.
Activity 1: Plan views.
We normally draw objects from a side view. A Plan view is when we draw an object from directly above looking straight down at it. Teach your child this by drawing an object in the room from a plan view. Can they work out what the object is? Then ask them to draw an object from a plan view. They may need to look at something from above, so something small (like a mug or a candle) is perfect to start with. Then get them to draw some furniture like a table (which will mostly be rectangles.)
Draw a square or rectangle on a piece of paper. Then together draw a plan of the room you are in. Draw an object as a plan view in the right place on the plan, and ask your child to work out what object it is. Help them to see where they are sitting, and which direction they are looking in. Then add a few more key objects (e.g. doors, windows, table). Then ask your child to draw another object onto the map. You will be able to see if they can put it in the right place on the map.
Finally look at the objects which are rectangles. Can you see which is which on the plan? How can you help the map’s reader to work out which object is which? Suggest colour-coding or adding patterns into the rectangle. Then show how a key is used to tell the reader what each colour or pattern means. Explain that symbols are used on maps instead of exact plan view drawings, to help you to see what each object is.
Activity 2: North, South, East and West. (and revise plans and maps).
Watch the clip below, and then do the activity below on the same web-page.
If you have a compass, show your child how it works. If not, see if you can work out which direction is North (best done in a garden or outside: at 12 o’clock lunchtime the sun is to the South.) From this, work out which direction is North, East and West. Remind them with the phrase ‘Never Eat Shredded Wheat’. Ask your child to face to the East, then to the North, then to the West, etc. Then go through how North-East is halfway between North and East.
Outside, put out some objects on the floor. Ask your child to stand in the middle of them. Ask them which object is to the West of them. Which object is South-West?
Then your child becomes the boss, and you are the robot. They must direct you to pick up an object. They can say ‘Go North 10 steps. Go East 3 steps…’ Did you pick up the right object? Ask other family members to take a turn as the robot and as the boss.
Finally, can they draw a plan on a piece of paper to show where each object is, and label North, East, South and West on their plan?
Activity 3: draw a plan of a room or the garden.
Your child might be able to do this on their own, or they might still need some help to get started.
Activity 4: Google maps
Show your child google maps. Go out so they can see the UK. Gradually close in on Peterborough. Swap between the satellite and map views. Then try to find your area of Peterborough, and keep zooming in until you can find your street and your home. Talk about what each of the colours represents on the map (e.g. green to show a park). Can you find the school? Friends’ and families’ houses? If you take a frequent route by car (e.g. to the supermarket) then trace this route on the map, and see how the map shows the roads and other landmarks you drive past.
Then zoom out, and look at where Peterborough is in relation to the whole UK. Together locate London, Leicester, Cambridge, Birmingham, Manchester. Explain how roads and motorways are shown on the map. How would we travel to London? Which motorway should we take? Get your child to tell you which way to go and which road to take.
Zoom out again to the whole UK. Write the name of a city. How quickly can your child find the city?
If your child is enjoying this, you could download and print the document on the bottom of this page titled ‘Questions about routes around the UK using google maps’.
Activity 5: Ordnance Survey Maps.
If you have a paper copy of an OS map, then use it. If not, you can find them on this link.
Or you can use the small part from an OS map by downloading the document ‘OS map example’ and ‘ordnance survey key’.
Show your child the key and look to see what some of the symbols stand for (e.g. PH stands for a pub: a public house). Then look on the map at one square. What would you find if you went there? Use the symbols and key to work out what would be there. Set each other treasure hunts. Show them a starting point and then give them directions (e.g. travel West along a road. Go past two buildings on the right and past a church on your left. Turn left before you get to the woods on your right.) Can they work out where you ‘buried’ the treasure? Swap roles.
If you have a local OS map, then go out for a walk and take the map with you to follow where you go. Otherwise, use google maps on your phone to trace your route.