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Leighton Primary School

Year 4 - Maths Expectations


Pupils should be able to:

  • Count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1000
  • Find 1000 more or less than a given number
  • Count backwards through zero to include negative numbers
  • Recognise the place value of each digit in a four-digit number
  • Order and compare numbers beyond 1000
  • Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations
  • Round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1000
  • Solve problems that involve all of the above.
  • Read Roman numerals to 10

Addition (+) and Subtraction (-)

Pupils should be able to:

  • Add and subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of column addition and subtraction where appropriate
  • Estimate and use inverse operations to check answers to a calculation
  • Solve addition and subtraction two-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.

Multiplication (x) and Division (÷)

Pupils should be able to:

  • Recall multiplication and division facts for multiplication tables up to 12 × 12
  • Use place value, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, including: multiplying by 0 and 1; dividing by 1; multiplying together three numbers.
  • Recognise and use factor pairs and commutativity in mental calculations.
  • Multiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by a one-digit number using formal written layout .
  • Solve problems including scaling problems and harder correspondence problems.


Pupils should be able to:

  • Interpret and present discrete and continuous data using appropriate graphical methods, including bar charts and time graphs.
  • Solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables and other graphs.


Pupils should be able to:

  • Convert between different units of measure [e.g. km to m, hour to minute.
  • Measure and calculate the perimeter of rectangles (incl squares) in cm and m.
  • Find the area of rectangles by counting squares
  • Estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in £ and p.
  • Read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12- and 24-hour clocks.
  • Solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes; minutes to seconds; years to months; weeks to days.


Pupils should be able to:

  • Compare and classify geometric shapes, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties and sizes.
  • Identify acute and obtuse angles and compare and order angles up to two right angles by size.
  • Identify lines of symmetry in 2-D shapes presented in different orientations
  • Complete a simple symmetric figure across a given line of symmetry.

Position and Direction

Pupils should be able to:

  • Describe positions on a 2-D grid as coordinates in the first quadrant.
  • Describe movements between positions as translations of a given unit to the left/right and up/down.
  • Plot specified points and draw sides to complete a given polygon


Pupils should be able to:

  • Recognise and show families of common equivalent fractions
  • Count up and down in hundredths and understand they are 1/10 of 1/10, and 1/100 of one.
  • Solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions (e.g. ¾ of 24)
  • Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator.
  • Recognise and write decimal equivalents of tenths or hundredths and ¼, ½, ¾
  • Divide a one- or two-digit number by 10 and 100, identifying digits in the answer as ones, tenths and hundredths.
  • Round decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number
  • Compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to two decimal places
  • Solve simple measure and money problems involving fractions and decimals to two places.