Skip to content ↓

Leighton Primary School

Year 6 - Math Expectations

Number

Pupils should be able to:

  • Read, write, order and compare numbers up to 10 000 000 and determine the value of each digit
  • Round any whole number to a required degree of accuracy
  • Use negative numbers in context, and calculate intervals across zero
  • Solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above.

Operations - Addition (+) and Subtraction (-) Multiplication (x) and Division (÷)

Pupils should be able to:

  • Multiply multi-digit numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long multiplication
  • Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long division, and interpret remainders as whole number remainders, fractions, or by rounding, as appropriate for the context
  • Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit number using the formal written method of short division where appropriate, interpreting remainders according to the context
  • Perform mental calculations, including with mixed operations and large numbers
  • Identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers
  • Use their knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving the four operations
  • Solve addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why
  • Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
  • Use estimation to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, an appropriate degree of accuracy.

Fractions, decimals and percentages

Pupils should be able to:

  • Use common factors to simplify fractions; use common multiples to express fractions in the same denomination
  • Compare and order fractions, including fractions > 1
  • Add and subtract fractions with different denominators and mixed numbers, using the concept of equivalent fractions
  • Multiply simple pairs of proper fractions, writing the answer in its simplest form [for example,   ×   =  ]
  • Divide proper fractions by whole numbers [for example,   ÷ 2 =  ]
  • Associate a fraction with division and calculate decimal fraction equivalents [for example, 0.375] for a simple fraction [for example,  ]
  • Identify the value of each digit in numbers given to three decimal places and multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 and 1000 giving answers up to three decimal places
  • Multiply one-digit numbers with up to two decimal places by whole numbers
  • Use written division methods in cases where the answer has up to two decimal places
  • Solve problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy
  • Recall and use equivalences between simple fractions, decimals and percentages, including in different contexts.

Statistics

Pupils should be able to:

  • Interpret and construct pie charts and line graphs and use these to solve problems
  • Calculate and interpret the mean as an average.

Measurement

Pupils should be able to:

  • Solve problems involving the calculation and conversion of units of measure, using decimal notation up to three decimal places where appropriate
  • Use, read, write and convert between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to three decimal places
  • Convert between miles and kilometres
  • Recognise that shapes with the same areas can have different perimeters and vice versa
  • Recognise when it is possible to use formulae for area and volume of shapes
  • Calculate the area of parallelograms and triangles
  • Calculate, estimate and compare volume of cubes and cuboids using standard units, including cubic centimetres (cm3) and cubic metres (m3), and extending to other units [for example, mm3 and km3].

Shape

Pupils should be able to:

Properties:

  • Draw 2-D shapes using given dimensions and angles
  • Recognise, describe and build simple 3-D shapes, including making nets
  • Compare and classify geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals, and regular polygons
  • Illustrate and name parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference and know that the diameter is twice the radius
  • Recognise angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line, or are vertically opposite, and find missing angles.

Position and direction:

  • Describe positions on the full coordinate grid (all four quadrants)
  • Draw and translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane, and reflect them in the axes.

Algebra

Pupils should be able to:

  • Use simple formulae
  • Generate and describe linear number sequences
  • Express missing number problems algebraically
  • Find pairs of numbers that satisfy an equation with two unknowns
  • Enumerate possibilities of combinations of two variables.

Ratio and proportion

Pupils should be able to:

  • Solve problems involving the relative sizes of two quantities where missing values can be found by using integer multiplication and division facts
  • Solve problems involving the calculation of percentages [for example, of measures, and such as 15% of 360] and the use of percentages for comparison
  • Solve problems involving similar shapes where the scale factor is known or can be found
  • Solve problems involving unequal sharing and grouping using knowledge of fractions and multiples.